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CoIIN: Smoking Cessation

Smoking harms the fetus, the newborn infant, and the young child as well as the mother. Smoking during the last two trimesters greatly increases the risk of stillbirth, spontaneous abortion, premature delivery, neonatal death and low birth weight. Data for 2010 shows that 15.9 percent of pregnant women in Alabama continue to smoke during their pregnancy. Approximately eight percent of infants that die within one week of birth are the result of secondary conditions from the mother smoking during pregnancy. The goal is to decrease the tobacco smoking rate by three percent among pregnant women in Alabama by December 2013.

Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to have:

  • An ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus).
  • Irregular vaginal bleeding.
  • A placental abruption (when the placenta becomes detached from the uterine wall).
  • A placenta previa (a placenta that is low lying and covers all or part of the uterine opening).
  • A stillbirth (an infant born after 20 weeks gestation with no signs of life at delivery).

Babies born premature or low birth weight (less than 2500 grams) as a result of smoking are at increased risk for:

  • Chronic Health Conditions
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Death

Breathing in someone else’s smoke is extremely harmful for pregnant women and young infants. Babies exposed to secondhand smoke:

  • Have a greater risk of dying from SIDS or SUDI.
  • Have a greater risk of having:
    • Asthma
    • Ear Infections
    • Bronchitis
    • Pneumonia
    • Slow Lung Growth

Millions of today's children will die early from smoking if we don't do more to reduce current smoking rates.

By quitting smoking:

  • You will never have to look for a place to smoke.
  • You will have more time to spend with your baby, families and friends.
  • You will have whiter teeth.
  • You will have fresher breath.
  • You will have a healthier heart.
  • You will have healthier lungs

Congress has extended the authority of the Food and Drug Administration to regulate all tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, hookah, and cigars. In addition, under federal law, retailers will no longer be able to sell e-cigarettes, cigars, or other covered tobacco products to anyone under age 18 and all tobacco sales to those 26 and under will require a photo ID. Learn more about the new tobacco product regulations.

Resources

Team Leader

Dave White
State Capitol
600 Dexter Ave. Room NB-04
Montgomery, AL 36130
Phone: (334) 353-7480
Alt. Phone: (334) 430-8267
Fax: (334) 242-0936
Email  

Team Members

Izza Cagle, BS, MPH
Research Analyst
Maternal & Child Health Epidemiology Branch
Alabama Department of Public Health
201 Monroe Street, Suite 1350
Montgomery, AL 36104
Phone: (334) 206-9448
Email

Jean Fulton, Nutritionist Administrator
Bureau of Family Health Services, WIC Division
Alabama Department of Public Health
201 Monroe Street
Montgomery, AL 36104
Phone: (334) 206-2956
Fax: (334) 206-2914
Email

Drew Nelson, MPH
Project Development and Quality Improvement
Managed Care Division
Alabama Medicaid Agency
501 Dexter Avenue
Montgomery, AL 36104
Phone: (334) 353-3216
Email

Robin D. Rawls, MBA
Director, Communications
Alabama Medicaid Agency
501 Dexter Avenue
Montgomery, AL 36104
Phone: (334) 353 - 9363
Email

Kimberly Seals
March of Dimes - Alabama Chapter
State Director of Program Services
450 Century Park South Suite 200-B
Birmingham, AL 35226
Phone: (205) 588-0501
Email

Gayle Whatley, RN,WHNP-BC, CLC
Alabama Department of Public Health
Region II & III Perinatal Director
University of Alabama in Birmingham
1500 6th Avenue South
Birmingham, AL 35294
Phone: (205) 934-6254
Cell: (256) 282-0022
Email

Charline Whyte
Jefferson County Smoking Cessation Program
Jefferson County Department of Health
1400 6th Avenue South
Birmingham, AL 35233
Email

Dr. Mark Wilson
Jefferson County Department of Health
Health Officer
1400 6th Avenue South
Birmingham, AL 35233
Phone: (205) 930-1504
Email

Tammie Yeldell, MPH
Maternal & Child Health Epidemiology Branch Director
Alabama Department of Public Health
201 Monroe Street, Suite 1350
Montgomery, AL 36104
Phone: (334) 206-5553
Email


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