Hepatitis means "inflammation of the liver," and also refers to a group of viral infections that affect the liver. The most common types are hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Hepatitis D and hepatitis E are less common in the United States, but are frequently found in other countries.
Viral hepatitis is the leading cause of liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation. An estimated 4.4 million Americans are living with chronic hepatitis; most do not know they are infected. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers an online assessment to determine if you are at risk for viral hepatitis.
Hepatitis A, B, and C are designated as reportable diseases by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This means all healthcare providers and clinical laboratories are required to report "diagnosed" cases to the State Epidemiology Department using the REPORT Notifiable Disease Card.
Know More Hepatitis
Public health agencies are leading prevention and awareness efforts to inform and improve the health of people with viral hepatitis or at-risk for viral hepatitis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has unveiled the national hepatitis C education campaign, "Know More Hepatitis," which offers an online assessment to gauge your risk of transmission and offers numerous publications to educate you about viral hepatitis.
Hepatitis and Liver Cancer: A National Strategy for Prevention and Control of Hepatitis B and C
On January 11, 2010, the Institute of Medicine released a report, "Hepatitis and Liver Cancer: A National strategy for Prevention and Control of Hepatitis B and C." This report concludes that more efforts are needed to combat hepatitis B and C and the report offers recommendations for health professionals.
Combating the Silent Epidemic of Viral Hepatitis
On May 12, 2011 the Department of Health and Human Services issued a action plan, "Combating the Silent Epidemic of Viral Hepatitis: Action Plan for Prevention, Care and Treatment of Viral Hepatitis." This plan serves as a road map for reaching goals and objectives surrounding hepatitis health issues.