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Rabies is a preventable zoonotic disease caused by a virus that affects the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). It can be transmitted from animal to animal and from animal to human. Symptoms will not develop right away but once symptoms appear, rabies is considered fatal. When an animal is infected with rabies, the virus is shed in the saliva and can be passed to another animal or a person, usually through a bite, scratch, or through mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth).

Rabies Resources

  • For a quick and easy reference to basic rabies information and to determine if you need post-exposure prophylaxis, review or print the updated Rabies Flyer with Flow Charts.
  • Educate your child and the children around you with the Stop Dog Bites Flyer.
  • For providers, the Rabies Prophylaxis Flyer can help determine what rabies treatment is recommended. 
  • To find a Rabies Prophylaxis Provider near you.
  • To order vaccine, physicians can call Novartis at 1-877-683-4732 or Sanofi Pasteur at 1-800-822-2463 and complete request form
  • To order HRIG, physicians can call Talecris at 1-800-243-4153 or Sanofi Pasteur at 1-800-822-2463 and complete request form
  • To see 2013 confirmed rabies cases look in Alabama Morbidity Review, Rabies - Animal slide. 
  • Learn how to "bat proof" your home with Keep Bats Out

Rabies Bite Manual

 View the entire Rabies Bite Manual (15.2 MB) or by chapter below



 Rabies Overview

      Biology, Transmission, and Pathogenesis

      Incubation Period and Duration of Disease

 Control Methods

      Assessing the Need for PEP

      Ordering PEP and Schedule

      Rabies Pre-exposure Vaccination for Humans

 Animal Vaccination Protocols

      Management of Animals Exposed to Rabies

      Management of Animals that Bite Humans

 Rabies Testing

      Tissue Sample Collection and Handling

      Rabies Specimen Acceptance Criteria

      Rabies Serology Testing for Humans

 Importation and Interstate Movement of Animals

 Rabies Control During a Disaster Response

 Frequently Asked Questions About Rabies


 Animal-related Injury or Damage Contacts

 County Health Department Phone Numbers

 ADPH Administrative Code - Chapter 420-4-4 Rabies Control Program Rules

 Current FDA Licensed Rabies Vaccine

 Certificate of Exemption from Rabies Vaccination Form

Alabama Rabies Law

Maps of Confirmed Rabies Cases in Alabama

Laboratory Confirmed Rabies Cases in Alabama

CDC Resources

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