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Outbreaks

Notifiable Disease reporters must report "Outbreaks of any kind" and "Cases of potential public health importance" to the Infectious Diseases & Outbreaks Division within 24 hours, see REPORT Notifiable Diseases. An outbreak is defined as two or more similarly ill persons who live in different households and have a common exposure. A case of potential public health importance is determined by the reporting healthcare provider. To report an outbreak or a case of public health importance, submit a REPORT Card. Underlined diseases link to one-page flyer for educational purposes.

Alabama Cluster and Outbreak Investigations

2013

2014

2015

2016             

2017***     

Acinetobacter

 -

1

-

1

1

Campylobacter 

 

Chikungunya

-

2

-

-

-

Clostridium difficile

-

1

-

3

-

Croup

-

1

-

-

-

Cryptosporidium

2

1

3

6

-

E. coli O157:H7 (Shiga toxin producing)

-

-

1

1

-

Campylobacter

-

-

2

-

-

Ciguatera Toxin

-

1

-

-

-

Conjunctivitis (Pink eye)

-

-

1

-

-

Coxsackievirus* (Hand, Foot, and Mouth)

2

1

21

36

-

Dengue

-

-

-

-

-

Epstein-Barr virus

-

1

2

2

-

Fifths Disease*

1

-

2

1

-

Hand Foot &Mouth

-

39 

1

Head Lice

-

-

16

28 

-

Hepatitis A

1

1

-

-

-

Hepatitis B 

    -

1

-

Impetigo*

1

2

5

2

-

Influenza*

8

25

35

12

27

Influenza like illness (ILI)

-

-

18

31

27

Klebsiella

-

-

-

-

-

Legionella

1

6

-

-

-

Molluscum contagiosium

- -

1

-

-

Multi-organism*

1

-

1

-

-

Norovirus*

23

16

26

41

12

Pink eye 

   

6

-

Pseudomonas 

- - -

1

-

Public Health Importance

2

-

-

-

-

Ringworm

-

1

-

2

-

RSV*

-

-

2

5

-

Salmonella

3

6

4

6

-

Sapovirus

 - -  -

1

-

Scabies*

3

11

8

19

3

Shigella

2

8

18

4

-

Staph aureus

-

-

-

-

-

Strepthroat 

-

19

-

Streptococcus

-

3

-

TASS

-

1

-

Toxin

1

2

1

2

1

Unknown Gastrointestinal

13

23

48

43

13

Unknown Respiratory

14

4

4

5

-

Unknown Skin

2

4

3

4

1

Total Outbreaks**

88

134

234

330

88

*Not a reportable disease, but reportable as an outbreak
**Does not include multi-state outbreaks in which exposure was outside Alabama, see PulseNet below
***As of 04/04/2017

PulseNet Multistate Clusters/Outbreaks with Alabama Cases

PulseNet connects foodborne illness cases together, using DNA "fingerprinting" from stool specimens, to detect and define outbreaks across state lines. In 2014, Alabama has confirmed cases in 23 multistate clusters/outbreaks. The organism for all clusters/outbreaks detected are Salmonella, E. coli or Listeria. The suspected sources include, but are not limited to, frozen rodents, live baby poultry, reptiles, livestock, and raw chicken.

Additional Outbreak Resources


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