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Outbreaks

Notifiable Disease reporters must report "Outbreaks of any kind" and "Cases of potential public health importance" to the Infectious Diseases & Outbreaks Division within 24 hours, see REPORT Notifiable Diseases. An outbreak is defined as two or more similarly ill persons who live in different households and have a common exposure. A case of potential public health importance is determined by the reporting healthcare provider. To report an outbreak or a case of public health importance, submit a REPORT Card. Underlined diseases link to one-page flyer for educational purposes.

Alabama Cluster and Outbreak Investigations

2012

2013

2014

2015             

2016***        

Acinetobacter

 -

-

1

-

-

Adenovirus*

-

-

-

-

Bacillus cereus*

-

-

-

-

-

Chikungunya

-

-

2

-

-

Clostridium difficile

-

1

-

-

Croup

-

1

-

-

Cryptosporidium

-

2

1

3

-

E. coli O157:H7 (Shiga toxin producing)

-

-

-

1

-

Campylobacter

-

-

-

2

-

Ciguatera Toxin

-

-

1

-

-

Conjunctivitis (Pink eye)

-

 

 

1

-

Coxsackievirus* (Hand, Foot, and Mouth)

1

2

1

21

9

Dengue

-

-

-

-

-

Epstein-Barr virus

-

-

1

2

2

Fifths Disease*

-

1

-

1

-

Head Lice

-

-

-

16 

10

Hepatitis A

-

1

1

-

-

Impetigo*

-

1

2

5

-

Influenza*

5

8

25

35

4

Influenza like illness (ILI)

-

-

-

18

23

Klebsiella

-

-

-

-

-

Legionella

-

1

6

-

-

Molluscum contagiosium

- - -

1

-

Multi-organism*

6

1

-

1

-

Mononucleosis

-   -

1

-

Norovirus*

30

23

16

26

17

Parvovirus B19

-

-

-

-

Pseudomonas 

- - - -

1

Public Health Importance

1

2

-

-

-

Ringworm

-

-

1

-

-

RSV*

1

-

-

2

1

Salmonella

5

3

6

4

1

Sapovirus

 -  -  -  -

1

Scabies*

-

3

11

8

5

Serratia marcescens*

-

-

-

-

-

Shigella

10

2

8

18

3

Staph aureus

1

-

-

-

-

Streptococcus

-

-

5

TASS

-

-

-

Toxin

-

1

2

1

1

Unknown Gastrointestinal

-

13

23

48

15

Unknown Respiratory

-

14

4

5

5

Unknown Skin

 -

2

4

3

-

Undetermined

26

7

2

3

-

Total Outbreaks**

86

88

134

234

103

*Not a reportable disease, but reportable as an outbreak
**Does not include multi-state outbreaks in which exposure was outside Alabama, see PulseNet below
***As of 04/29/2016

PulseNet Multistate Clusters/Outbreaks with Alabama Cases

PulseNet connects foodborne illness cases together, using DNA "fingerprinting" from stool specimens, to detect and define outbreaks across state lines. In 2014, Alabama has confirmed cases in 23 multistate clusters/outbreaks. The organism for all clusters/outbreaks detected are Salmonella, E. coli or Listeria. The suspected sources include, but are not limited to, frozen rodents, live baby poultry, reptiles, livestock, and raw chicken.

Additional Outbreak Resources


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