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Outbreaks

Notifiable Disease reporters must report "Outbreaks of any kind" and "Cases of potential public health importance" to the Epidemiology Division within 24 hours, see REPORT Notifiable Diseases. An outbreak is defined as two or more similarly ill persons who live in different households and have a common exposure. A case of potential public health importance is determined by the reporting healthcare provider.  To report an outbreak or a case of public health importance, submit a REPORT Card.  Underlined diseases link to one-page flyer for educational purposes.

AL Outbreak Investigations

2011

2012

2013

 2014***

Adenovirus*

1

-

-

Bacillus cereus*

1

-

-

1

Chikungunya

-

 -

 -

2

Cryptosporidium

-

-

2

E. coli O157:H7

1

-

-

-

Campylobacter

1

-

-

-

Ciguatera Toxin

-

-

-

1

Coxsackievirus (CVA6)*

-

1

-

-

Dengue

-

-

1

-

Fifths Disease*

-

-

1

-

Hepatitis A

-

-

1

-

Hand, Foot, and Mouth*

-

-

2

-

Impetigo*

-

-

1

-

Influenza*

-

5

8

1

Legionella

-

-

1

2

Multi-organism*

1

6

1

-

Norovirus*

9

30

23

10

Public Health Importance

-

1

2

-

RSV*

-

1

-

-

Salmonella

3

5

3

4

Scabies*

-

-

3

1

Serratia marcescens*

1

-

-

-

Shigella

4

10

2

-

Staph aureus

-

1

-

-

Toxin

-

-

1

-

Unknown Gastrointestinal

-

-

13

9

Unknown Respiratory

-

-

14

2

Unknown Skin

 -

 -

2

4

Undetermined

10

26

7

4

Total Outbreaks**

32

86

88

41

*Not a reportable disease, but reportable as an outbreak

**Does not include multi-state outbreaks in which exposure was outside Alabama, see PulseNet below
***As of 7/25/14

 

PulseNet Multistate Clusters/Outbreaks with Alabama Cases

PulseNet connects foodborne illness cases together, using DNA "fingerprinting" from stool specimens, to detect and define outbreaks across state lines. In 2013, Alabama has confirmed cases in 38 multistate clusters/outbreaks. The organism for all clusters/outbreaks detected are Salmonella, E. coli or Listeria. The suspected sources include, but are not limited to, Thai peppers, live baby poultry, reptiles, frozen rodents, romaine lettuce, turtles, live poultry, hedge hogs, livestock, and raw chicken.

Additional Outbreak Resources


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