The mission of the Epidemiology Division is to protect the residents of Alabama through constant monitoring of the incidence and prevalence of communicable, zoonotic, and environmentally-related human diseases.
- CDC has notified states of cases of severe respiratory illnesses occurring in children and providers should consider EV-D68 as a possible cause of clusters of severe respiratory illness and report suspected clusters to the Epidemiology Division at 1-800-338-8374.
- If a healthcare provider has a patient who travel to Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria, in the last 3 weeks and has symptoms of fever and severe headache, muscle pain, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, lack of appetite, or unusual bleeding, please complete the Ebola Investigation Form and call Epidemiology Division immediately at 1-800-338-8374. For more Ebola information please review the ADPH Ebola ALERT message, CDC HAN Ebola Update #4, Ebola Update #3, Ebola Update #2, and Ebola Update #1.. If a person does not meet the criteria for testing yet, they should use the Self Monitor Chart. For general public information, see Ebola Fast Fact Flyer.
- If a healthcare provider suspects a patient to have chikungunya with recent travel history, please see the Bureau of Communicable Disease Homepage.
- The Epidemiology Division has launched DETECT, TEST and REPORT Notifiable Diseases awareness campaign to determine Alabama's true disease burden.
- Physicians, dentists, nurses, medical examiners, hospital administrators, nursing home administrators, lab directors, school principals, and day care directors are responsible for reporting Notifiable Diseases in Alabama. To report an Immediate, Urgent or Standard Notification Notifiable Disease, please submit a REPORT Card.
- If you are a healthcare provider and would like to report adult lead exposure, please complete an ABLES Investigation Response Form. To learn more about Management Guidelines for Blood Lead Levels in Adults.
- If you are a healthcare provider and would like to report a patient who received a recalled product, please complete Recalled Product REPORT Card.
Epidemiology Fast Fact Flyers
These flyers are easy to read and generally one-page education for students, parents, and patients to learn more about notifiable diseases, outbreaks, and cases of public health importance.
The Epidemiology Division, in cooperation with the Bureau of Clinical Laboratories (BCL), Bureau of Information Technology (BIT), and Bureau of Environmental Services (BES), strive to:
- Provide a statewide network of disease surveillance for early detection and timely response to disease threats
- Conduct investigations of communicable disease outbreaks
- Implement plans to reduce the occurrence of communicable diseases
- Provide technical expertise, consultation and assistance to healthcare professionals, institutions, and communities throughout the state
- Protect citizens from diseases caused by environmental contaminants through education
Five Epidemiology Division Branches
The Analysis and Reporting Branch identifies disease occurrences, clusters of diseases, and potential foodborne and waterborne outbreaks. Staff analyze disease data reported from across the state, report diseases to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and monitor disease trends. Influenza surveillance is a significant function and involves facilitating viral identification of specimens provided by sentinel providers, monitoring provider reported influenza like illnesses, reviewing school absenteeism data, and responds to data requests.
The Healthcare-Associated Infections Reporting and Surveillance (HAI) Branch establishes and maintains a uniform method of HAI data collection, reporting, and evaluation of HAI by healthcare facilities. The Mike Denton Act designates ADPH to collect, compile, analyze, and report HAI data collected from Alabama Healthcare facilities. The collection of HAI data by designated healthcare facilities in Alabama will provide greater awareness of HAIs in the state as compared to the nation, allow for earlier identification HAI trends, and promote adherence to strategies known to prevention HAIs. This branch also provides infection control and infectious disease consultation and training to ADPH, the medical community, and the general public.
The Surveillance Branch supports, educates, and directs the area Field Surveillance Staff, healthcare sector, and general public regarding communicable diseases and other areas of public health importance. The Surveillance Branch conducts surveillance for most notifiable diseases and health conditions designated as potential threats to the health and welfare of its citizens by the State Board of Health, including cases related to nuclear, biological, or chemical terrorist activity.
The Toxicology Branch conducts and coordinates activities in and around hazardous waste sites. Its main objectives are to identify pathways of exposure to hazardous substances and potentially hazardous industrial releases, and coordinate public health interventions to reduce exposures to those hazardous substances.
The Zoonoses Branch monitors, controls, and prevents disease transmitted from animals to humans such as Rabies, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, and West Nile. This involves many activities related to providing training and consultation to professionals (such as veterinarians) and general public, and monitors data on diseases in animals that might affect humans (such as rabies in pets and wild animals).